VirtualBox is a free and open-source virtualization tool and typically used at desktop level for building the test environment. It is developed and managed by Oracle corporation, that’s why it is known as Oracle VM VirtualBox. VirtualBox is a type-2 hypervisor for x86 and AMD64/Intel64 systems.
In this post, we will learn how to install VirtualBox on Rocky Linux 8 step by step. Following are the minimum system requirement for VirtualBox,
- Rocky Linux 8 Installation with GUI
- Minimum 4 GB RAM
- Intel and AMD processor
- User with sudo privileges
- Stable Internet Connection
Let’s dive into VirtualBox Installation steps.
Step 1) Verify Virtualization is Enabled or not
Login to Rocky Linux and open the terminal, run following grep command to verify whether virtualization is enabled at processor level or not.
$ grep -E -c '(vmx|svm)' /proc/cpuinfo 2 $
Output of above command should be non-zero. If the output is zero, then it means virtualization is not enabled at processor. So, to enable it, reboot your system, go to bios settings and enable VT technology.
Step 2) Update System and Install development tools
Run beneath command to install all updates on rocky linux (optional)
$ sudo dnf update -y
Install following development tools which are used during VirtualBox installation. run beneath command
$ sudo dnf install -y kernel-devel kernel-headers gcc make perl elfutils-libelf-devel wget
Once all the packages are installed, reboot your system once using bneath reboot command.
$ sudo reboot
Step 3) Configure VirtualBox Package Repository
To install latest and stable version of virtualbox, run following commands to configure VirtualBox repository.
$ wget https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc $ sudo rpm --import oracle_vbox.asc $ sudo wget http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/rpm/el/virtualbox.repo -O /etc/yum.repos.d/virtualbox.repo
Step 4) Install VirtualBox
At the time of writing this article, VirtualBox-6.1 is available , so run below command to install it
$ sudo dnf install -y virtualBox-6.1
Once the virtualbox is installed verify it’s service status using following command,
$ sudo systemctl status vboxdrv
Prefect, above output confirms that virtualbox is installed successfully.
Step 5) Access VirtualBox
To access the virtualbox, go to Activities and search virtualbox,
click on virtualbox icon
Step 6) Install Oracle VM Virtualbox Extension Pack
Extension pack provides additional functionality to virtualbox like USB 2.0/3.0, Virtual Remote Desktop Protocol (VRDP) support, Disk encryption and Intel PXE boot etc. To install extension pack, first download it’s file using below wget command.
$ wget https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/6.1.32/Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-6.1.32.vbox-extpack
Run beneath command to install extension pack
$ sudo VBoxManage extpack install Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-6.1.32.vbox-extpack
You will be prompted to accept the license terms and condition, press ‘y’ and then hit enter
Above output confirms that extension pack has been installed successfully. Now you can start creating virtual machines and build your test environment.
That’s all from this guide, I hope you have found it informative. Please do share your queries and comments in below comments section.